10 things you need to know NOW about OmniChannel Marketing

omnichannel

If you’re like me, you have probably seen a new buzzword creeping into the online marketing conversations — “OmniChannel marketing.”

I like this characterization from John Bowden, Senior VP of Customer Care at Time Warner Cable as it appeared in a recent Marketo post:

“Multi-channel is an operational view – how you allow the customer to complete transactions in each channel. OmniChannel, however, is viewing the experience through the eyes of your customer, orchestrating the customer experience across all channels so that it is seamless, integrated, and consistent. OmniChannel anticipates that customers may start in one channel and move to another as they progress to a resolution.  Making these complex ‘hand-offs’ between channels must be fluid for the customer.  Simply put, OmniChannel is multi-channel done right!”

If you read this carefully, you might be wondering, “uh … what is really new here?” Haven’t we always wanted to do a good job with our multi-channel marketing?

Why is this hot now?

My own theory is that this is a hot topic because earlier this year Wal-Mart asked its suppliers to develop OmniChannel strategies. In other words, thousands of companies are in a frenzy to figure this out. You never, ever ignore Wal-Mart. This is a rule.

Add to that a study by Retail Systems Research indicating that 47% of retailers surveyed indicate that multi-channel customers are significantly more profitable than single channel customers – a rise from 38% in 2012 and a sharp rise from 28% in 2009.

We are creating increasingly complex layers of digital connection between our companies and our customers. Mastering these layers (and integrating traditional advertising) through a uniform and consistent communication strategy represents the OmniChannel challenge.

The layers of the OmniChannel

With the creation of our first company websites, we bought a one-way ticket to creating the first, permanent digital relationships with our customers. We began to condition consumers that they could expect a 24 x 7 buying and service experience. The business emphasis was on establishing a PRESENCE.

The second digital layer emerged just a few years later and was enabled by Google. A new $30 billion search industry was born as companies focused on DISCOVERY. Now that we had websites, we had to be found!

A third layer emerged around 2007 as “chat rooms” bloomed into social networks. For many people, this became the preferred way to communicate, discover products and services, and connect with customer service. Time on websites went down, time on social sites exploded, as did a host of new advertising, commerce, and service options.

Mobile began to pick up steam at the same time, creating the greatest new commerce channel since the shopping mall. Combined with social media, mobile presented an unprecedented opportunity to focus on UTILITY –helping people whenever and wherever they were with relevant and helpful content.

Next? The future belongs to wearable technology, augmented reality, and advanced filters to help us deal with overwhelming information density, a fourth digital layer.

As the illustration depicts, traditional marketing, advertising and merchandising co-exists with these layers, and increasingly pervades them.

Devin Wenig, the president of eBay Marketplaces described it this way in a McKinsey interview: “I think e-commerce for many years was an interesting trend, but … today we don’t even know what e-commerce means. Everything has come together, the on- and the offline. Now, every merchant, every retailer must have an OmniChannel strategy or they won’t survive. That’s very different than even just 24 months ago.”

10 Implications of the OmniChannel

If you think this through, and I hope you do, there are some important implications of this integration.

1. The best miners win

Customers are going to leave a data trail on every level. The companies that can mine this stream will create powerful competitive advantage. That’s why, increasingly, marketing = math. Analytics is the key to the kingdom. For many retailers, data analysis may present the ONLY competitive advantage in a world of instant price comparisons and buy now buttons.

2. New resources, new skills

Not every customer will engage with you on every layer. That means your channel strategies are going to multiply, which means you need RESOURCES. Eighty percent of CMO’s say they are failing at OmniChannel marketing due to a lack of appropriate resources.

These new resources will also require a new outlook and new skills. Devin Wenig of eBay put it this way:

“Building engaging experiences across channels is incredibly important. Many retailers have spent their entire lives thinking about how to build an engaging experience in one channel, usually a store. But now, understanding how to connect with your core customers across every way they want to connect — not the way you want them to connect but the way they want to connect with you — is a different skill.”

“It requires design and product management. It requires understanding how to market in a digital world. There are still many instances that I see where it is old-school marketing. It’s still about major TV campaigns, get people into the stores. That’s still important, and that’s not going to go away.

“But understanding how to engage in a world of exploding social networks, how to use search, how to optimize, and how to engage—very different skills. I think that is going to become a core part of the playbook for retailers and merchants of all sizes around the world.”

3. Distinctive ubiquity

Standing out in an increasingly complex and cluttered world across all of these channels is not going to be easy — or cheap. If the experiences in each channel are not uniquely helpful, you risk annoying customers with repetitive ubiquity everywhere they turn.

While “multi-channel” may be losing its luster as the buzzword of choice, in fact you need to connect with consistent, but different, approaches by channel.

Your goal needs to be “Distinctive Ubiquity.”

4. Measurement wins

Like social media in general, measurement can be difficult. Ironically, the companies most likely to succeed and fund new initiatives are the ones best able to measure success. According to a recent study, 85% of CMOs are doing NO measurement of cross-channel efforts.

In this rudderless environment, how do you know how to invest in the marketing that works? Measurement can certainly be a source of competitive advantage.

5. Breaking down the silos

Retailers indicate their biggest challenge remains merging the digital and physical retail worlds into an easily understood and executed system. These consumer interactions are so complex and rapidly evolving that it is difficult to pin down a direction.

One large retailer I spoke to operates store merchandise marketing, media marketing and Internet marketing as completely different silos … and they all have different goals. This company is potentially years away from a consistent, integrated approach unless they can break down organizational silos, both internally and with their advertising partners.

6. Un-learning what we did best

I believe the single biggest hurdle to OmniChannel success wil be the cultural battle that will wage between a centuries-old mindset of “stack it high, move it fast” and exceeding quarterly numbers to re-orienting on the desire of customers to dictate the terms of a buying process based on the latest apps and social media buzz.

There are implications for the organizational structure, external partnerships, fulfillment, merchandising — almost every aspect of the process.

7. An overhaul of the fulfillment system 

If retailers can break from this mindset (and I think they will), it presents a new dilemma — accurate fulfillment. Today, fulfillment is choreographed carefully between manufacturing, procurement, marketing, and distribution. Everything must work in harmony.

Planning for seasonal fashion changes or even an annual update to a furniture line can take more than a year of supply chain planning. Following the customer through an ever-changing digital buying cycle requires complex and potentially expensive new fulfillment models.

8. Protecting assets

Another ongoing struggle is the desire to serve customers digitally and yet protect a significant investment in brick-and-mortar stores. ShopperTrak, which uses a network of 60,000 shopper-counting devices to track visits at malls and large retailers across the U.S., reported foot-traffic declines of 28.2% in 2011, 16.3% in 2012 and 14.6% in 2013. 

This is going to be a painful and expensive transition. With the advent of augmented reality, will we even need a store? Ikea is already providing 3D AR renderings of their products in your home. Take a look at this from my friends at Metaio:


(Click here if you can’t see the IKEA Augmented Reality demo)

9. Are ad agencies friends or foes?

I recently had the opportunity to review an “OmniChannel marketing plan” from a Fortune 100 company. This is what the ad agency had proposed: Sunday newspaper coupon flyers, in-store displays, television ads, and in-store sampling.

In other words, this is the 1965 version of an OmniChannel.

Why? Because this is what their ad agencies know, this is what they sell, and this is what they want to preserve. I am not indicting ALL ad agencies but I have seen enough presentations now to conclude that this is a widespread institutional problem. To achieve true OmniChannel success, brand leaders will have to drive the change and perhaps pioneer new funding and incentives for agency partners.

10. And then everything changes again

With the hurricane of change upon us, it is difficult to think 2-3 years out, but the augmented reality layer will be coming soon. In some spaces, as we witnessed in the Ikea video, it is already here.

For the companies that move first into these spaces. there will be an unparalleled opportunity to create deep customer connection and loyalty.

And as we know, customer loyalty trumps everything.

So this is my view of the OmniChannel and its challenges. What are you seeing out there?

Illustration courtesy of my friends at MLT Creative in Atlanta. Super B2B Marketers. 

This post was brought to you by IBM for Midsize Business and opinions are my own. To read more on this topic, visit  IBM’s Midsize Insider. Dedicated to providing businesses with expertise, solutions and tools that are specific to small and midsized companies, the Midsize Business program provides businesses with the materials and knowledge they need to become engines of a smarter planet.

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  • Aseem Jibran

    With respect to 1965 version of an OmniChannel; what advice would you like to give to the agencies? How can they quickly adapt to the latest trends of 2014?
    Excellent article as always. As usual, learned a lot of stuff. Thanks 🙂

  • This is an extremely difficult issue. It is a matter of culture and dramatic organizational change. It’s kind of like going to France and saying, “Stop being French. We want you to be more like Russia and drink vodka instead of wine.” Is that going to happen?

    So we are seeing the biggest agencies set up satellite offices or even buying smaller digital agencies but what I keep hearing from brands is, “We are asking for social and it keeps coming back advertising.”

    One decision might be to start bringing some of this stuff in-house. Probably where it belongs any way. I do think new agency models are emerging by the way. If there is money to be made, they will eventually find a way to adjust! I would love to hear some opinions from any agency folks out there.

  • Steve Woodruff

    Great stuff, Mark. It’s a very uncomfortable marketplace now because customer footprints and access points are everywhere – and, they keep shifting. In fact, I’d be inclined to suggest that your description almost demands that the word “Dynamic” be placed in front of “OmniChannel Marketing,” because the mindset will have to be one not only of integrating disparate parts of the customer interaction experience, but being continually nimble in the rapidly-evolving digitally enhanced lifestyle we’re plunging into. The ultimate competitive advantage in the future may be quick feet (joined to math/analytics, of course)!

  • Agree. Some time ago I wrote a post projecting that digital marketing wold never become “just marketing” because of this speed issue. Does it make sense for every company to have a digital speed competency? Small companies? Can they afford it?

    This is why I forecast years ago that boutique agencies would emerge to build this competency and spread the overhead charges around to clients. This is happening, but I think we are still in a period of transition.

  • As usual, Mark, you’re always seeing around the corners in our industry. You’re spot on with your assessments. I’ve really seen 4 & 5 play out as more clients demand hard numbers for results. As communicators and marketers, we’ve got to get better and more comfortable with the math and measurement. As integrated marketing becomes even more important, I think Marketing and PR have got to learn to play together nicely, and even inside of our own departments, we have to share the data.

    I heard from a colleague the other day that at her former job, the marketing manager would develop a plan and then go to the marketing researchers and tell them to find numbers to support her plan. How backwards! The numbers should guide the plan, not the other way around.

    Thanks for your insights and sharing the newest theory in our field.

  • Boy that is really dangerous, isn’t it? Not much of a marketer. Thank you so much for you kind words and insight today Monica!

  • “And then everything changes…” Yup. I hadn’t thought about it this way, but very interesting read.

  • The implications of AR + wearable tech are more profound than the Internet. I am working on an AR project right now and the potential is blowing my mind. It is getting close.

  • Mark, it amazes me how you are able to synthesize a trend and show us the importance to us as marketers. We really do need to begin to better understand the impact of wearable tech and the way real-time engagement will change marketing & relationships with our prospects & customers. Exfellent article

  • That is very, very cool! Very cool. I love tech. Hope I live to see it. Or wear it. 😉

  • Oh you will live to see it. Even I will 🙂 it’s happening.

  • Thank you for the very kind words Randy. Means a lot coming from you sir.

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  • Thank you for this primer in the latest buzz terms. I’m prepped for the people that want to hop on the trend to find some magic beans.

    EVERYTHING you talked about is absolute necessity for today’s business. And was right 10, 20 or 100 years ago.

    My clients tell me that they are relieved when I explain that business hasn’t changed. It’s about a customer getting what he wants and the business making sure they don’t die by giving the product away. Which means we all ought to be looking at increasing value every day.

  • Danielle G. Conte

    Mark, you give marketers and retailers a great omni-channel implications road map. At the end of the day, we are all customers who expect our shopping journey to be awesome at every turn if a retailer or brand expects to steal share and win loyalty. As far as AR, I found myself bummed out after trying out the Augmented Reality App/in-store program for Amazing Spider Man at Walmart a couple of years ago. It was clunky from a usability standpoint and fell short on the in store execution but had they worked through those issues, the platform shows great promise with definite wow factor. The Ikea AR video is really clever and perfect for the home space. Some companies in the fashion industry like Metail.com are approaching virtual dressing rooms in a very cool way too. Other omni growth areas in the near term include buy online/pick-up in store and social media purchasing as we are seeing with Nordstrom & Target with Like2Buy on Instagram.

  • I think this is true Warren. In fact I think social media simply re-exposes these core principles. Always honored to have you comment sir.

  • Yes, retail is pushing this space very hard. I have been working on a project that is pushing this into the B2B world too. Very interesting. Thanks for sharing your wisdom today Danielle!

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  • Billy Delaney

    Wall Mart
    I work on a sustainability project each year with Wally World.
    The process is generally known as “from farm to fork”
    Walmart collect data at every step along the way and uses it to help themselves, while driving suppliers and manufacturers to learn more about themselves.

    The actions must prove to be sustainable.
    With this new request from Walmart the effect is that as their suppliers find out so does Walmart.

    You supply what you do, they pass this along to everyone, and then comes the refinement.

    This article shows me that the baking industry must get the multi channels open and working to get customers to buy.
    And, they need to cooperate with the grocery stores in the data and marketing efforts involved for the benefit of them all.

    While I am not a silo, or a box, I am looking to disrupt the old world thinking inside the human condition where it comes to spiritual thinking.

    I will be reading and rereading this post again, and again until I find
    its relevance to me.

    Thanks Mark
    Always thought of you as the digital prophet now it is confirmed: say on sir!

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